Nigredo: In analytical psychology, the term became a metaphor 'for the dark night of the soul, when an individual confronts the shadow within'.


The Individual’s shadow is not the problem; the shadow of Society as a whole is of far greater concern. In the past, those in the Leisure class had good reason to focus on their own shortcomings, and had the means at their disposal to make real and meaningful improvements. Confronting their own unconscious motivations could produce real results.


The impoverished, dispossessed and disenfranchised of today cannot benefit from the same approaches in any meaningful way, in that their greatest challenges to self-improvement lie entirely outside of themselves. As long as there is no address of the many irrational roots of the Social milieu, lasting Societal change only occurs in response to crisis or public outrage, usually at a huge cost to all. The Individual is the only object of inquiry when the subject of mental health is raised, but there is no rational reason to believe that Society as a whole is any effective judge of sanity.


Society consists of many historic decisions, some of which are entirely comprised of Magical Thinking, Mysticism, and Metaphysical Philosophy. Even subsequent “improvements” to previous methods can be of the same questionable derivation. Thus Monarchy, “the Divine Right of Kings”, is replaced with a Democratic Republic, but there are no indications of a Rational or Empirical nature that either is a particularly effective method of governing a Society or its citizens. In fact, the continuing public disinterest in Politics, Government, Policy and Voting could be taken as empirical evidence that such concerns and methods are superfluous or even damaging to the health of a Society. 

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